Special Products:

Tri-axial 1.4 mm OD; low cap (max 38 pF/m) OD 1.8 mm; triple shielded coax including mu-metal shielding of 145db isoltion. Customized cut-stripped tip soldered lengths, connector fitted assemblies / trees.


GARG manufactures PTFE (Teflon ®) insulated wires and cables by a unique 'Tape-Wrapping Sintering' (TWS) method. PTFE unsintered tape of uniform thickness is applied around the conductor or shield and sintered at a temperature beyond the melting point of PTFE. Various layers of tape fuse into one homogenous insulation which is electrically very good. This is a process similar to one pioneered by W.L.Gore & Associates, Inc. for making PTFE Insulated wires. These wires find specific mention in U.S. Navy's MIL-W-16878 specifications for many years, and are listed in the latest `F' version.

The benefits of TWS are following:

  1. DIELECTRIC QUALITY The multiple-layer construction of GARG-TWS ensures high dielectric quality of the insulation. Any flaw is limited to a single layer of the tape. Contamination flaws in the PTFE are minimized by manufacturing our own tape in a clean-room facility. The wrapping process places the insulation concentrically around the conductor and does not force it into the interstices between the conductor strands. Proper curing of insulation under high temperature is also regularly checked by a sample check of Break Down Voltage (BDV) on each new lot. Over the years, these BDV's have shown progressive increase, indicating steady improvement in the processing of wires.
  2. CONCENTRICITY The thinnest section of insulation is what Determines reliability against abrasion, cut-through or dielectric failure. GARG TWS is insulated by multiple layers of PTFE fused into a homogeneous insulation. The conductor is always in the centre of the insulation. Minimum Thickness of insulation at any cross-section:
    Type ET (250 V AC RMS) 0.005" Minimum (vs. 0.0041" Minimum for MIL-W-16878F specification)
    Type E (600 V AC RMS) 0.008" Minimum (vs. 0.0066" Minimum for MIL-W-16878F specification)
    Type EE (1000 V AC RMS) 0.013" Minimum (vs. 0.0107" Minimum for MIL-W-16878F specification) Mechanical Stripping Mechanical strippers index from the outside of the insulation and will therefore nick the conductor if it is too much off-center. How to Check ConcentricityRemove the conductor from some length of wire. This will leave the insulation in the form of sleeve/tube. Pour some molten wax in the sleeve and lay the insulation on a wooden block. Place a razor blade against the middle section of the insulation and strike the blade sharply with a mallet. A sharp blade will slice the insulation through with no distortion. Wall thickness of the insulation can be measured with a microscope.
  3. STRIPPING QUALITY GARG TWS insulation is not extruded into the interstices of the wire strands. Therefore, the insulation can be easily stripped off the conductor without disturbing the lay of the stranded wire. This helps in easy and faster terminations.
  4. FLEXIBILITY The accompanying picture shows the difference when the same weight is hung on two wires having the same conductor and insulation thickness. GARG TWS insulation is not forced into the strands and, therefore, does not inhibit the free flexing of the outer strands of the conductor and the full flexibility of fine stranded wire is preserved. The figure below is also helpful in understanding the difference between flexibility and flex-life, which is commonly misunderstood. Flex-life refers to the useful life of wire (or cable) under repeated flexing under specified conditions.
  5. TEAR RESISTANCE The molecular structure of GARG TWS PTFE is oriented biaxially, hence propagation of tears is difficult. Uniaxial orientation makes it easy to tear the insulation along the axis of the wire.
  6. MANY COLOURS, LOW MINIMUM ORDERS Availability of many colours in moderate quantities is a definite plus point of GARG TWS wires; extruded constructions often require large minimum orders for many colours.
  7. PTFE TWS wires vs. Extruded Wires - A Note It is important to note that DuPont uses Teflon ® trade name for a number of different thermo-plastics with varying properties. For example, FEP Teflon is melt-processable unlike PTFE, is not so good for high-frequency applications, has a limitation of 200°C for maximum operating temperature as against 260°C for PTFE Teflon, and is considerably more expensive than PTFE. When comparing extruded constructions with tape-wrapped ones, the above facts need to be kept in mind. It is best to compare extruded PTFE with tape-wrapped PTFE, and in this comparison, extruded PTFE generally encounters problems like ring-cracks and axial splits, in addition to the ones mentioned above.

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